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What Are The 4 Main Types of Aggregates?

“Aggregates are small pieces of rocks or minerals used in construction. Sand, gravel, crushed stone, and recycled concrete or fill are the four primary aggregates. The different materials hold the ingredients together to make a final product. Let’s look at each aggregate in detail.”

Why Use Aggregates In Construction?

Strength and Durability

“Aggregates are strong and durable. It is possible for the final product to reach its full potential. Without the material being able to handle the weight placed on top of it or be able to last in high traffic areas without cracking over time, it wouldn’t be worth it.”


Aggregates can be used to enhance the final product. Aggregates can be chosen to match up with the environment.


Aggregates tend to be readily available in most parts of the country, making them accessible to contractors. Moreover, there are several aggregate suppliers available who can provide material to projects if required.

Environmentally Friendly

As the weather gets warmer, the minerals and rocks break off into smaller pieces. It is a natural element that is friendly to the environment compared to steel or plastic.


Aggregates are cheap and durable and can last a long time. That saves money for both contractors and clients.

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The 4 Main Types Of Aggregates and Their Different Properties


Sand is a common fine-grained sedimentary material made from fragments of rocks or minerals, including quartz. Sand is typically used in mortar and concrete mixes due to its round particles that are easy to mix. Sand comes in different forms, including ordinary sand, coarse sand, and fine sand.There is a


Gravel is a common coarse-grained sedimentary material with a particle size ranging from 0.4 inches to 2 inches in diameter. Gravel is typically used for medium to large-sized aggregates in the construction industry.There is a

Gravel can be found in two forms: pea gravel and crushed stone. They have an even shape, and they are suitable for heavy-duty projects, including driveways or roads that will need to handle high traffic volume or heavier loads.There is a

Crushed Stone

Crushed stone is a more processed (version of gravel) aggregates comprising of angular or subrounded particles. It is mainly used for medium to large-scale projects and is often found in major commercial building sites since it can handle heavy traffic.There is a

Bowls, rocks, and other shapes of crushed stone are usually 1-2 inches in size.


Ready Mix Concrete Essex is a mixture of cement, aggregates, sand, and water forming solid materials suitable for building roads, buildings, or pavements. Moreover, concrete is formed under high pressure by mixing the ingredients, which explains its excellent texture.There is a

In landscaping projects, concrete can be used in various forms; ready mix, bagged concrete, and unbagged concrete.There is a

Which Types of Aggregate Are Right for Your Project?

The ideal aggregate for your project depends on a number of factors. or pea gravel is cheaper and readily available for a short-term project such as landscaping.

For long-term projects such as roads or buildings that will last for decades, crushed stones are the best choice. They are designed for heavy-duty use.

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